Food, there is enough food produced and available to feed the entire world every day. However, for various reasons, millions still go hungry, making food security—having consistent access to adequate nutritional food—a persistent global social problem in both developing and developed countries.
1) Where do most of the world’s hungry live?
2) What are two major causes of hunger? Discuss (in detail) how hunger impacts the health, economic or other social institutions in a developing country?
3) What are some potential consequences and benefits to using biotechnologies in developing countries? Based on the research currently available, should developing countries pursue the use of biotechnologies? Why or why not?
The World’s Hungry
The world produces enough food to feed the whole world daily. Nonetheless, estimates indicate that 1 in 9 people globally goes hungry every day (WFP, 2019). The issues cause severe challenges for local and international leaders in an attempt to address the food security crisis. Further statistics indicate that the level of hunger has dropped by 27% since 2000. Regardless of the strides, most of the world hungry live in developing countries due to war and conflict and poverty, which negatively affect health, economic, and social outcomes and could be addressed using biotechnologies.
Where the World’s Hungry Live
The World Food Program reveals that the world’s hungry live in developing countries, especially politically unstable. WFP provides food aid to 91.4 million people across 83 nations yearly. The organization suggests that 56 million out of the 91.4 million lives in only eight countries (Yemen, Afghanistan, Syria, The Central African Republic, The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), South Sudan, The Lake Chad Basin, and Somalia. The countries host 60% of the world’s hungry people (WFP, 2019). Thus, attempts to address the problem of hunger requires an in-depth analysis of the leading causes of the crisis in the countries.
Factors and effect of Hunger
The World Food Program reveals the primary causes of hunger by analyzing reality in most affected countries. Two factors that are common to the eight countries are war and conflict and poverty. Leaders in countries experiencing war and conflict use starvation as a tool of war, which make a large section of the population unable to access food. Poverty also prevents people from having necessary resources to produce or purchase food. Hunger impacts the health, economic, or other social institutions in a developing country because of the lack of the necessary nutrition and adequate nourishment to sustain the health of the masses. Besides, hungry people are unable to work productively and participate in economic and social development. As a result, the crisis causes a cycle of poverty and social challenges, including intertribal conflicts (Otero, Pechlaner, & Gürcan, 2013). For example, a developing country that experiences Hunger is prone to disputes between people and tribes, primarily if resources are unequally distributed across communities. The challenge also worsens the level of poverty and lack of economic growth.
Biotechnologies as a Solution
Biotechnologies have the potential to address the food security crisis across the world if used effectively because they contribute to future food security by improving farming, even for small-scale farmers. Agrobiotechnology research reveals that regardless of the safety, ethical, and intellectual property challenges surrounding biotechnologies, they hold the potential to help people in developing nations by improving their farming methods and boosting food production (Qaim, Krattiger, & Von Braun, 2013). For example, if a country can produce twice or thrice as much food as it produces without Biotechnologies, it will improve its ability to feed its population. Regardless of the issues associated with the financing of biotechnologies, developing countries should encourage its use to deal with the food security issue. Thus, developing countries should pursue and encourage the use of biotechnologies to boost production and feed the hungry population.
Food security is a serious issue for many developing countries around the world. Regardless of the success in reducing the level of hunger in the world, the developing world still has millions of hungry people due to war and conflict and poverty, which negatively affect health, economic and social outcomes. Biotechnologies have the potential to boost food production in developing countries to address the food security challenge.
Otero, G., Pechlaner, G., & Gürcan, E. C. (2013). The political economy of “food security” and trade: Uneven and combined dependency. Rural Sociology, 78(3), 263-289.
Qaim, M., Krattiger, A. F., & Von Braun, J. (Eds.). (2013). Agricultural biotechnology in developing countries: Towards optimizing the benefits for the poor. Springer Science & Business Media.
WFP (2019). 60 Percent of the World’s Hungry Live in Just 8 Countries. Why?. World Food Program, USA