QD1. The development of a study utilizing qualitative research design requires the choice of a specific type of research and methods of collecting data and selecting the sample. I would like to investigate a social phenomenon. Thus, the type of this study will be phenomenological research.
I will research the social phenomenon from the perspective of those who have experienced it. Thus, there is a need to choose a particular population that is affected by the chosen issue. The information from participants must be collected in an effective manner as well(Crossman, 2020).
In terms of sampling, I would like to use the strategy of purposive sampling. Qualitative research focuses on attributes and relationships in a population. The selected sample has to help in discovering the meanings and multiple realities (Polit, 2017). The authors of the study have to establish the eligibility criteria for their work.
QD2. Alcohol abuse may have severe consequences for the patient’s health, leading to life-threatening conditions. Patients often dismiss the reinforcing effects of their addiction, resulting in their emergent hospitalization. Frank is one of the patients who require immediate medical intervention as his alcohol abuse caused an inflammatory process in his stomach.
If I were an ICU nurse, I would primarily pay attention to his epigastric pain that radiates to his back and severe abdominal pain. These symptoms indicate the presence of acute pancreatitis that may have even more severe symptoms. The patient’s bowel sounds are hypoactive, and it also accentuates the possibility of pancreatitis as the intestinal activity is disrupted. Moreover, I would consider such conditions as hypertension, respiratory viral infection, diaphoresis, and fever may all indicate alcoholic pneumonia
Regarding treatment modalities, I would expect Frank to go through cognitive behavior therapy as alcohol addiction requires changes of his lifestyle to eliminate the inclination to alcohol abuse. Such an approach is beneficial for addictive behavior as it involves direct communication and self-analysis through it (Norris, 2021). Patients learn to analyze their thoughts and to differentiate between the positive and negative ones.