Psy 104 child and adolescent development wk3-a

 

Cognitive Development Activities

[WLOs: 1, 3, 4] [CLOs: 1, 4, 5, 6]

Prior to completing this assignment, read Chapters 7 and 8 in your textbook and read the Piaget’s Enduring Contribution to Developmental Psychology, On Major Developments in Preschoolers’ Imagination, and The Timing and Quality of Early Experiences Combine to Shape Brain Architecture: Working Paper No. 5 (Links to an external site.) articles. Also, review the Week 5 Final Project instructions for creating the proposal, and review the videos: Play: A Vygotskian approach and Piaget’s Stages of Development (Links to an external site.).

The purpose of this assignment is for you to continue working on  elements that will become part of your Community Center Proposal Final  Project. This week you will be creating three activities that address  cognitive development in the age groups assigned. These will become part  of the infant room, early childhood room, and adolescent room of your  center.

Using Piaget’s, Vygotsy’s, and/or Information processing theories of  cognitive development, you will continue to build your Community Center  Proposal by identifying activities for the assigned rooms that promotes  cognitive development for children and adolescents. The activity must be  focused on the cognitive milestones of the age group and must be  clearly tied to specific theory. You must use at least one credible  source.  Your activities might be focused on object permanence for  infants, conservation, egocentrism, or conservation for early childhood,  or deductive reasoning for adolescence. Table 7.1 in your textbook will  be useful in completing this activity.

Focus on the primary developmental tasks of each age period. For each  of the three activities, write a paragraph that addresses the  following:

  • Describe the activity in some detail (provide more than just the name of the activity).
  • Identify the specific concept from cognitive development theory that supports the use of this activity.
  • Identify how the activity enhances cognitive development in the specific age group.

Here are two examples providing you a model of how to approach this  assignment and how to build the elements of the rooms in your community  center.

Examples of Activities:

Example 1: Cognitive Development Activity for Infant Room: Peekaboo. 

One of the activities we will incorporate into the infant room is  peekaboo. This is a game where the caregiver hides himself from the  child (covering the child’s eyes or hiding behind a chair, etc.) and  then appears again by uncovering the child’s eyes or coming out from  behind the chair. Another variation of this would be hiding a treasured  object under a scarf and then revealing it again. One of the milestones  of the first year of life is the development of object permanence.  Object permanence occurs when an infant grasps that something (an  object, a person) still exists even when the infant cannot see it. This  is a concept from Piaget’s theory of cognitive development and is one of  the developmental tasks of the sensorimotor stage. Newborns do not have  a sense of permanence. When they cannot see you, you do not exist for  them. During the first year of life, they slowing learn that objects and  people continue to exist even with they cannot be seen (Mossler, 2014).  Playing peekaboo is one way to foster the development of object  permanence. Infants usually delight in seeing someone appear and then  hide, only to reappear. This activity will support the cognitive  development domain and also the psychosocial domain because of its  interactive nature.

Mossler, R. A. (2014). Child and adolescent development (2nd ed.). Retrieved from https://content.ashford.edu/

Example 2: Cognitive Development Activity for Adolescent Room: Board Games Involving Strategy and Problem Solving. 

In the adolescent room, we propose having a collection of board games  that require logical thinking and problem solving. Adolescence is the  beginning of more sophisticated thinking. Children in this age group  move from concrete operations to what Piaget calls formal operations.  They are becoming capable of deductive and hypothetical reasoning  (Mossler, 2014). Games like chess, Battleship, and checkers all require  players to engage in this kind of thinking. Another game that can be  used is the game of Clue. This game supports the development of  prepositional logic and requires players to think hypothetically  (Neller, Markov, and Russell, 2006). These games will not only promote  cognitive development but will further support psychosocial development  because of the required interactions.

Mossler, R. A. (2014). Child and adolescent development (2nd ed.). Retrieved from https://content.ashford.edu/

Neller, T. W., Markov, Z., & Russell, I. (2006). Clue deduction:  Professor Plum teaches logic. Retrieved from  http://cs.gettysburg.edu/~tneller/papers/flairs06.pdf

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