Homework 3 “all question must be answered in detail”

1. Addressing inflation using Fiscal and Monetary Policy tools.

Scenario – The US economy is currently experiencing high rates of inflation. You

have Fiscal and Monetary policy tools available to address this problem:

a. To attack the problem of inflation you must select one Monetary Policy

tool and one Fiscal Policy tool. Write down the name of your Fiscal Policy

tool and your Monetary Policy tool.

i. Think the options through and write down your choices.

b. Please explain why you selected the tools that you selected and why you did

not select the other choices? Do this for both monetary and fiscal policy

tools!

i. Specifically, explain what is so good about the tool you selected and what is not so

good about the tools you did not select? Do this for both the Monetary Policy tool

and the Fiscal Policy tool. The key here is to use some decision criteria in making

your choice.

c. Thoroughly and completely explain how your solution (both the monetary

and the fiscal policy tool) would work to solve the problem of inflation, and

indicate the impact your solution would have on at least 5 key economic

variables. Be specific.

i. Present this using the chain of events format with up or down arrows to indicate the

direction of impact on each variable. I need to see the detail.

2. Addressing recession using Fiscal and Monetary Policy tools.

Scenario – The US economy is currently experiencing recession. You have Fiscal

and Monetary policy tools available to address this problem:

a. To attack the problem of recession, you must select at least one Monetary

Policy tool and one Fiscal Policy tool. Write down the name of your Fiscal

Policy tool and your Monetary Policy tool.

i. Think the options through and write down your choices.

b. Please explain why you selected the tools that you selected and why you did

not select the other choices? Do this for both monetary and fiscal policy

tools!

i. Specifically, explain what is so good about the tool you selected and what is not so

good about the tools you did not select? Do this for both the Monetary Policy tool

and the Fiscal Policy tool. The key here is to use some decision criteria in making

your choice.

c. Thoroughly and completely explain how your solution (both monetary and

fiscal policy tools) would work to solve the problem of recession, and

indicate the impact your solution would have on the key economic

variables. Be specific.

i. Present this using the chain of events format with up or down arrows to indicate the

direction of impact on each variable. I need to see the detail.

3. Please list and explain the 4 key supply side growth factors we discussed, and

discuss the viability (do-ability) of each in terms of getting our economy growing

again, given that today our economy is not growing.

a. The slides should provide you with what you need here.

b. The issue of viability – if the economy is growing slowly or not at all, do we have any chance

of achieving success with each of the 4 growth factors? What will likely cause us problems?

What approaches could we use to increase our odds of success? You need to think carefully

on this one.

4. Creative problem solving

Scenario #1:

The rate of growth in the US economy is currently 0.5% annually. Your mission

is to increase our growth rate to at least 4% annually, without setting off

unacceptable levels of inflation. You have the tools of fiscal and monetary policy

available.

****Focus on increasing the quantity and / or quality of natural resources as a

means to stimulate economic growth.****

a. Present your solution to the problem – write it down first.

i. Strategy for creating your solution:

1. First identify a specific natural resource and think through how having more

of it or a better quality of it could lead to significantly increasing the GDP

growth rate. Might have to try this with a few resources to find one that

works.

2. This will lead you to a general solution to the problem.

3. Write it down! The explanation of the solution should take at least 3 good

paragraphs! This should be the opening part of your answer.

4. Determine what will be required to make the solution happen, typically it is

money.

5. Think of ways to use your fiscal and monetary policy tools to get the needed

money. To attack the problem you must select at least one Monetary Policy

tool and one Fiscal Policy tool.

b. Write down the names of the one fiscal policy tool and the one monetary

policy tools you picked.

i. Remember – for this question you need one Fiscal Policy tool and one Monetary

Policy tool.

c. Explain why you picked the tools that you picked and why you did not

select the other choices.

i. Specifically explain, what is good about the tool you selected and what is not so good

about the tools you did not select? Do this for both the monetary and fiscal policy

tool that you selected. The key here is to use some decision criteria in making your

choice.

d. Thoroughly and completely explain how your solution would work to solve

the problem. You must include and explain the use of your monetary and

fiscal policy tools and indicate the impact your solution would have on the

key economic variables. Please present your answer using a chain of events

format. Be specific. I need to see the detail.

5. Creative problem solving.

Scenario #2: 

The rate of growth in the US economy is currently 0.5% annually. Your mission

is to increase our growth rate to at least 4% annually, without setting off

unacceptable levels of inflation. You have the tools of fiscal and monetary policy

available.

****Focus on increasing the quantity and / or quality of human capital as a means

to stimulate economic growth.****

a. Present your solution to the problem – write it down.

i. Strategy for creating your solution:

1. First choose to focus on increasing the quantity of human capital or the quality

of human capital to significantly increasing the GDP growth rate.

2. This will lead you to a general solution to the problem.

3. Write it down! The explanation of the solution should take at least 3 good

paragraphs! This should be the opening part of your answer.

4. Determine what will be required to make the solution happen, typically it is

money.

5. Think of ways to use your fiscal and monetary policy tools to get the needed

money. To attack the problem you must select at least one Monetary Policy

tool and one Fiscal Policy tool.

b. Write down the name(s) of the one fiscal policy tool and the one monetary

policy tool that you picked.

i. Remember – for this question you need one Fiscal Policy tool and one Monetary

Policy tool.

c. Explain why you picked the tools that you picked, and why you did not

select the other choices.

i. Specifically explain, what is good about the tool you selected and what is not so good

about the tools you did not select? Do this for both the monetary and fiscal policy

tool that you selected. The key here is to use some decision criteria in making your

choice.

d. Thoroughly and completely explain how your solution would work to solve

the problem. You must include and explain the use of your monetary and

fiscal policy tools and indicate the impact your solution would have on the

key economic variables. Please present your answer using a chain of events

format. Be specific. I need to see the detail.

6. Over the past few years, several countries have been in danger of defaulting on

their national debt.

Strategy: use your favorite search engine to identify countries that have already faced this

problem. Do a bit of research to support your answers to parts (a) and (b).

a. Please pick one country and discuss what might happen to the economy of

that country if it actually defaulted on their debt. You would of course

want to explain what defaulting on the national debt means.

b. Please discuss two solutions to solving the default problem along with the

impact the solutions might have on at least 5 key economic variables.

7. Currently the U.S. national debt is over $23 Trillion. Many people feel the high

level of the national debt is a very bad thing and it should be paid off.

a. Advantages of paying off the national debt.

i. Explain what would be involved in paying off the national debt.

ii. List and explain in detail, 3 advantages of paying off the national

debt. This might be more difficult than you think!

b. Disadvantages of paying off the national debt?

i. List and explain in detail, 3 disadvantages of paying off the national

debt.

c. List and explain 3 approaches to getting the money to eliminate the

national debt. Include the impacts each approach would have on the U.S.

economy.

d. State which approach you would use to get the money. Why did you select

the approach that you selected and not the alternatives?

e. Thoroughly and completely explain how your approach would work to

eliminate the national debt, and explain the impact your solution would

have on at least 5 key economic variables?

i. Implement your approach and use the what-happens-next approach to capture the

detail of how your solution might work.

8. Please explain the difference between the transaction demand for money and the

asset demand for money, and how they work together to determine the total

demand for money.

a. The slides and audio should help with this, as well as other sources of information.

9. The Federal Reserve is responsible for managing the U.S. money supply.

a. List and thoroughly explain 6 of the functions of the Federal Reserve

System. Be specific.

i. Use the slides, audio, and the Federal Reserve website for this.

b. Please thoroughly and completely explain how money is created and

destroyed.

i. Please use the slides and audio for this.

c. Please thoroughly and completely explain how the 3 tools of monetary

policy would work to address the problem of recession. Include the impact

of those tools on the key economic variables. Specifically, I want you to

explain how each of the 3 tools would work using the chain of events

approach.

i. Take each of the 3 monetary policy tools and show how each would work to address

the problem of recession. Use the what-happens-next approach to ensure that you are

being as specific as possible.

d. Please thoroughly and completely explain how the 3 tools of monetary

policy would work to address the problem of inflation. Include the impact

of those tools on the key economic variables. Specifically, I want you to

explain how each of the 3 tools would work using the chain of events

approach.

10. Please select a bill currently in congress and provide an economic impact

analysis.

a. Provide a summary of the Bill, including the objective of the Bill.

b. In your analysis of the Bill

i. Explain who will be helped and how.

ii. Explain who will be hurt and how.

iii. Explain where the money will come from to fund the Bill.

iv. Explain how the money will be spent.

v. Explain the Economic impact of the Bill on the U.S. Economy.

vi. Explain how the Bill will impact the 1% and the 99%.

Congress.gov is a good place to start. Please be thorough in your analysis. Try to think about how

the impacts of this legislation will work its way through our economy and how it will impact people,

businesses, the environment, etc. What groups of people will be impacted and how? What industries

will be impacted and how? Etc. Be as thorough as possible. We need to be able to complete this

type of analysis for the crazy stuff congress does, before the bills get passed so that we can either

support them or get them stopped. 

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