Answer the following questions in a minimum of 1-2 paragraphs each. Be sure to explain your answers and give reasons for your views.
1.Explain Rawls’ “original position” and “veil of ignorance.” What principles of justice does he claim would emerge from such a thought experiment?
2.Would you want ti live in such a society? Would your life be better or worse in it? What would you like or dislike most about this social system? Overall, would people be better or worse off in a thoroughly libertarian America?
3.Does alienation as described by Marx exist today in modern capitalist societies? Explain.
4.Do you agree with Okin that typical family practices are largely structured by gender? If so, are these practices unjust? Why?
Rawls’ “original position” and “veil of ignorance” is a theory that tests the possibility of fairness and justice in society. Behind the veil, the man does know who he is, class, gender, privileges, disadvantages, and even personality does not exist. Humanity exists as an impartial group with the task of molding a new society with a novel conception of justice (Heidari, Ferrari, Gummadi, & Krause, 2018). A natural form of justice would occur in such as society, one that is not founded on rules and regulations.
I would want to live in the original position because my life would be better. In such a society, there would not be any gender roles of privileged classes because everyone would be equal. I would like natural justice and impartiality, but dislike the high level of ignorance. People’s lives would be better in a thoroughly libertarian America.
The alienation, as described by Marx, exists today in modern capitalist societies. The process occurs under the capitalist mode of production as an objective process related to labor arrangements in capitalism (Milios & Dimoulis, 2018). Even today, it is common for those involved in the labor market to experience a loss of the self. One of the ways this exists in modern society is the increase in the use of technology that causes the person to lose control over the mode of production.
I agree with Okin that typical family practices are largely structured by gender. For example, when a family is deciding between who between a father and mother should quit her job to raise children, the most likely is the latter. I believe that gender roles in society are unjust because both men and women should have equal opportunities in an equitable and just society.
Heidari, H., Ferrari, C., Gummadi, K., & Krause, A. (2018). Fairness behind a veil of ignorance: A welfare analysis for automated decision making. In Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems (pp. 1265-1276).
Milios, J., & Dimoulis, D. (2018). Karl Marx and the classics: An essay on value, crises and the capitalist mode of production. New York: Routledge.