Some people are not likely to take responsibility for actions or inaction in the presence of others. The diffusion of responsibility is a social phenomenon where individuals occasionally take a bystander’s approach in the presence of a large group. They fail to assist when they find themselves in a large gathering compared to when they are in a controlled environment. Therefore, being part of a group occasionally reduces the sense of responsibility of an individual (Ferreira et al., 2016). Several factors influence the behavioral perspectives of people in the diffusion of responsibility models. Accordingly, an individual should make critical decisions like noticing the problem, identifying the emergency levels, and making a personal decision to act during a situation.
The diffusion of responsibility influences the behavior of people since the likelihood to take action on an issue is induced by their social surroundings. Boon, Watkins, and Sciban (2014) aver that the aptitude to take action can be guided by how an individual interconnect with the affected person, understands their problem, and the levels of severity. Occasionally, diffusion of responsibility occurs in professional organizations where hierarchical operations in leadership are well defined. For example, subordinates following orders from bosses may avoid taking responsibility when they commit illogical or illegal actions at the workplace. Therefore, an individual’s behavior is influenced by the diffusion of responsibility model.
Pluralistic ignorance is a psychological situation characterized by the conviction that one’s judgment or attitude is different from others. It develops when the majority of people within a setup have a widespread misinterpretation of projected group regulations. For instance, members of a group may harbor values that are different from the group’s philosophies (Boon, Watkins, & Sciban, 2014). Likewise, when social norms of a group converge with the members’ private attitudes, a level of discrepancy is realized while the result affects the behavior of such members. Pluralistic ignorance affects human behavioral traits through a systematic error in their judgments. For example, by misconceiving other members’ values and their position regarding norms, individual behaviors are influenced since the primary inspiration to the behavioral traits are based on wrong assumptions.
The identifiable victim effect is a behavioral situation that influence empathy for a distinct individual under various levels of suffering compared to a large population of anonymous people. The attribute explains the influence of human emotions to respond to life experiences compared to the statistical presentation. For example, people are more likely to respond positively to a financial appeal for a patient in a hospital rather than assist a hospitalbuy a life-supporting machine . The decisions are skewed despite the fact that financing the facility can avoidmore deaths. According to Jordan, Amir, adBloom (2016), the society is socialized to support identifiable victims compared to the statistical victim within a setup. Accordingly, identifiable victim effect influences behaviors when expensive measures have been taken to support individual victims rather than assisting an organization with more positive impact in the society. funding for preventive care in the primary healthcare, which are core to the prevention of such heath challenges.
Helping behavior is defined as the art of providing aid or a benefit to people. The propensity to help others is defined by several attributes. Human gender is one aspect that has an influence on the helping behavior of people. Dovidio, Piliavin, Schroeder, and Penner, (2017) assert that women, given their profound emotional connectivity with situations are more likely to assist compared to men. Socio cultural expectations of people also influence the behavior to help others. Majority of global cultures have non-written societal rule that expects people to help other irrespective of how costly it is (Dovidio et al., 2017). Such cultural prospects influence the behavior to help others.
Conclusion is also required since this was an essay, but it should not be named as “concludion” since this is just short paper. The same with Introduction and other paragraphs
Boon, S. D., Watkins, S. J., & Sciban, R. A. (2014). Pluralistic ignorance and misperception of social norms concerning cheating in dating relationships. Personal Relationships, 21(3), 482-496.
Dovidio, J. F., Piliavin, J. A., Schroeder, D. A., & Penner, L. A. (2017). The social psychology of prosocial behavior. New York, NY: Psychology Press.
Ferreira, P. C., Simão, A. V., Ferreira, A., Souza, S., & Francisco, S. (2016). Student bystander behavior and cultural issues in cyberbullying: When actions speak louder than words. Computers in Human Behavior, 60, 301-311.
Jordan, M. R., Amir, D., & Bloom, P. (2016). Are empathy and concern psychologically distinct? Emotion, 16(8), 1-20.